INN FAQ II. INSTALLATION OF INN 1.4
II. INSTALLATION OF INN 1.4
1. As root, create directories: /usr/local/inn1.4 (this
will be your $inn directory) and /usr/local/news.
(Solaris 2.x, you have to create a user "news",
good choice is UID=6, GID=13, home
directory=/var/spool/news, shell /bin/csh, no password
- account is locked, * in password field in /etc/shadow.
Be sure, to create a new group in /etc/group "news"
2. Cd to $inn. Get the newest version of inn from:
ftp.uu.net (126.96.36.199). This file is in the
directory: /networking/news/nntp/inn. As for all
binary files, please remember to set the file type in
ftp to binary.
3. From the same source and directory get the Frequently
Asked Questions (FAQ) files:
faq-inn-4.Z (this file)
and any other files that may contain patches or
4. To uncompress the FAQ files type: "uncompress faq-*.Z.
Print the FAQs and read them before proceeding further.
6. In $inn type (with gnu tar):
"tar -Zxvf innx.x.tar.Z
This will extract inn files for compilation.
7. Change directory to $inn/config, and type:
cp config.dist config.data
chmod 644 config.data
Now use the vi editor to edit config.data. You should
select gcc as the compiler by changing the line that
starts with "CC" to read "CC gcc". Many lines in
config.data define the location of various files
and directories. It's OK to leave defaults, but
check if you have ample space in the directory
where the articles will be stored (/var/spool). More
information on where INN expects to find certain files
is in: $inn/samples/innshellvars. If necessary, edit
the config.data and innshellvars to reflect your
configuration. Please make sure that specified
directories and utilities exist on your system.
8. Change directory to $inn. Type: "make world". Now
(Solaris 2.x - there is not lint included with
Solaris 2.x. One way to get Solaris 2.x version
of lint suggested to me, is to get a 30 day trial
package of the SunPro C compiler from Sun. However,
lint is not really needed, except for testing new
code. You can make a symbolic link from /bin/echo
lint will give you a list of compiler warnings and
errors. In addition, "make" creates in this step
a file: "$inn/Install.ms". Print it by typing:
nroff -ms Install.ms | lpr
Install.ms is a manual for installation of INN written
by Rich Salz, the author of INN. There is a lot of
important and interesting information in his manual.
9. If you got no fatal errors from make, go to the
and type: "make all".
10. There are some scripts and control files listed in
inn-faqs and Install.ms that may be modified at this
point. For most installations, the default settings
11. Now cd to $inn and type: "make install" to complete
basic installation of INN.
12. To finish installation of INN, run the BUILD script
in the $inn directory by typing "sh BUILD". This
script will ask a series of configuration questions
that are easy to answer. Please note that if your have
"history.*" files in your /usr/local/news directory
from a previous or failed installation of INN, the
BUILD script will not complete. Rename them to
"old.history.*" and re-run the BUILD script.
13. You need a site that will feed news to you.
This will depend on your geographic location and
organization. Ask a System Administrator of a site
close to you for hints.
14. Ftp to your newsfeeding site and get the "active" file
from there. Place this file in your /usr/local/news
directory and edit it to your taste. Remember to
include the "control" and "junk" newsgroups. Also, you
have to edit the following files in /usr/local/news:
newsfeeds, hosts.nntp, nnrp.access, inn.conf.
Be careful with editing the "active" file
with vi or textedit. A common error is to leave a
blank line at the top. This error causes INN to
crash with the message: "ME bad_active". Depending
on your setup, you will get this message in the syslog
or on the console.
15. To check for syntax errors in INN control files,
file ownership, permissions and other things type:
and correct any errors reported by inncheck.
If your paths are set, it is sufficient to
change to the /usr/local/news/bin directory and type:
"perl ./inncheck" or "./inncheck".
16. Look at the file "rc.news" in /usr/local/etc.
It's advisable to enable the innwatch utility.
Innwatch will throttle the newsserver when your disk
will get full and prevent crashes. Change the line
starting with "DOINNWATCH" to read "DOINNWATCH=true".
(Solaris 2.x: edit the innwatch.ctl file and replace
df with /usr/ucb/df. Default Solaris 2.x
/usr/sbin/df doesn't understand the -i option.)
Now type: "sh /usr/local/etc/rc.news"
and look in /var/log/syslog for errors. Also, type:
ps -aux| grep news
and check, if the innd process owner is news.
On Solaris 2.x, the syntax is a bit different:
ps -fu news
17. In /etc/aliases create an entry: "usenet: <you, or
root>". Next type: "/usr/ucb/newaliases" to inform the
sendmail program that the aliases file has changed.
If you are running YP (NIS) on your network, you may
optionally add the "usenet" alias to your YP aliases
file. If the machine you are installing INN on is the
YP master and the file "/etc/aliases" is the source of
the YP aliases map, you should type: "cd /var/yp"
followed by "make". Reboot and restart innd (see #16).
18. To get daily reports on the newsserver activity from
the "news.daily" script and to enable the "expire"
utility type: "/bin/crontab -e news" and insert the
40 23 * * * /usr/local/news/bin/news.daily delayrm
or, if you are using overchan (in newsfeeds):
40 23 * * * /usr/local/news/bin/news.daily delayrm\
19. To set-up complete logging of the server activities
and have them ready for a report by the "news.daily"
script, you have to edit your /etc/syslog.conf file.
Insert at the end of this file the content of
the syslog.conf file written by Rich Salz. This file
is in: $inn/syslog. Please check, if you have the
directories and files mentioned in Rich's syslog.conf.
20. Run tests from your machine to the server (to your
machine at telnet port 119). See inn-faqs for details.
21. After completing these test, be sure to delete the
entry for your machine from the hosts.nntp file. If
you will not do it, your machine will be treated as a
"feeder" and not as a "reader".
22. Set posting.
a. Edit the /usr/local/news/newsfeeds file and add:
<alias for your feed>/<full address of feed>\
:*\ (for all local postings)
:Tf,Wnm: (standard entry)
b. Edit /usr/local/news/nntpsend.ctl file and add:
<alias for your feed>:<full address of feed>::\
c. Type: "/bin/crontab -e news" and insert a line:
0,10,20,30,40,50 * * * *\
d. Run inncheck (see #15).
e. Post to misc.test and include "reply" in the
Subject line, automatic responses will be mailed to
usenet (see #17) within a few minutes.
23. To start innd automatically at bootup, include at the
end of your rc.local the following lines:
# Start INN news service - Internet News Daemon (innd)
if [ -f /usr/local/etc/rc.news ]; then
/usr/local/etc/rc.news; echo "Starting INN news
(In Solaris 2.x there is no rc.local. If you want
to start INN automatically, you should create a
script in /etc/rc2.d).
NOTE: Please send me your solutions for boot time
starting and shutdown closing of INN on Solaris!
24. Watch the news.daily reports in your mail for any
additional errors. To run the news.daily script
at any time manually, first su from root to "news"
and type: "/usr/local/news/news.daily". A mail to
"usenet" should arrive within a couple of minutes
and may report important configuration problems.
[Source:"INN FAQ Part 8"][
[Last Changed:$Date: 1996/01/30 21:44:45 $ $Revision: 2.3 $]
[Copyright: 1996 Norman J. Pieniazek]
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