fastrm - quickly remove a set of files
fastrm [ -d ] [ -e ] [ -uN ] [ -sM ] [ -cI ] base_directory
Fastrm reads a list of files, one per line, from its standard input and
removes them. If a file is not an absolute pathname, it is taken
relative to the directory specified on the command line. The
base_directory parameter must be a simple absolute pathname -- that is,
it must not contain any ``/./'' or ``/../'' references.
Fastrm is designed to be faster than the typical ``|\ xargs\ rm''
pipeline. For example, fastrm will usually chdir(2) into a directory
before removing files from it. If the input is sorted, this means that
most files to be removed will be simple names.
Fastrm assumes that its input is valid and that it is safe to just do an
unlink(2) call for each item to be removed. As a safety measure, if
fastrm is run by root it will first stat(2) the item to make sure that it
is not a directory before unlinking it.
-d If the ``-d'' flag is used then no files are removed. Instead a
list of the files to be removed, in debug form, is printed on the
standard output. Each line contains either the current directory of
fastrm at the time it would do the unlink, and then the path name it
would pass to unlink(2) as two fields separated by white space and a
``/'', or the absolute path name (a single field) of files it would
unlink using the absolute path name.
-e If the ``-e'' flag is used, fastrm will treat an empty input file
(stdin) as an error. This is most useful when fastrm is last in a
pipeline after a preceding sort(1) as if the sort fails, there will
usually be no output to become input of fastrm.
-u If the ``-u'' flag is used, then fastrm makes further assumptions
about its work environment; in particular, that there are no
symbolic links in the target tree. This flag also suggests that it
is probably faster to reference the path ``../../../'' rather than
start from the root and come down. (Note that this probably isn't
true on systems that have a namei cache, which usually holds
everything except ``..''). The optional N is an integer that
specifies the maximum number of ``..'' segments to use -- paths that
would use more than this use the absolute path name (from the root)
instead. If the ``-u'' flag is given without a value, ``-u1'' is
-s If the ``-s'' flag is used, then fastrm will perform the unlinks
from one directory -- that is when a group of files in one directory
appear in the input consecutively -- in the order that the files
appear in the directory from which they are to be removed. The
intent of this flag is that on systems that have a per-process
directory cache, finding files in the directory should be faster.
It can have smaller benefits on other systems. The optional M is an
integer that specifies the number of files that must be going to be
removed from one directory before the files will be ordered. If the
``-s'' flag is given without a value, ``-s5'' is assumed. When the
directory reordering is in use fastrm will avoid attempting to
unlink files that it can't see in the directory, which can speed it
appreciably when many of the file names have already been removed.
-c The ``-c'' flag may be given to instruct fastrm when it should
chdir(2). If the number of files to be unlinked from a directory is
at least I then fastrm will chdir and unlink the files from in the
directory. Otherwise it will build a path relative to its current
directory. If ``-c'' is given without the optional integer I then
``-c1'' is assumed, which will cause fastrm to always use chdir. If
``-c'' is not used at all, then ``-c3'' is assumed. Use ``-c0'' to
prevent fastrm from ever using chdir(2).
There are also ``-a'' and ``-r'' options, which do nothing at all,
except allow you to say ``fastrm -usa'' ``fastrm -ussr'' or ``fastrm
-user''. These happen to often be convenient sets of options to
Fastrm exits with a status of zero if there were no problems, or one if
something went wrong. Attempting to remove a file that does not exist is
not considered a problem. If the program exits with a non-zero status,
it is probably a good idea to feed the list of files into an ``xargs\
This is revision 1.3, dated 1996/10/29.
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