archive - Usenet article archiver
archive [ -a archive ] [ -f ] [ -i index ] [ -m ] [ -r ] [ input ]
Archive makes copies of files specified on its standard input. It is
normally run either as a channel feed under innd(8) , or by a script
before expire(8) is run.
Archive reads the named input file, or standard input if no file is
given. The input is taken as a set of lines. Blank lines and lines
starting with a number sign (``#'') are ignored. All other lines should
specify the name of a file to archive. If a filename is not an absolute
pathname, it is taken to be relative to <config$_PATH_SPOOL> (typically
Files are copied to a directory within the archive directory,
<config$_PATH_ARCHIVEDIR> (typically /var/news/spool/archive.)
The default is to create a hierarchy that mimics the input files;
intermediate directories will be created as needed. For example, the
input file comp/sources/unix/2211 (article 2211 in the newsgroup
comp.sources.unix) will be copied to
If the ``-a'' flag is used then its argument specifies the directory
to archive in instead of the default.
-f If the ``-f'' flag is used, then all directory names will be
flattened out, replacing the slashes with periods. In this case,
the file would be copied to
/var/news/spool/archive/comp.sources.unix/2211.) -i If the ``-i''
flag is used, then archive will append one line to the specified
index file for each article that it copies. This line will contain
the destination name and the Message-ID and Subject headers.
-m Files are copied by making a link. If that fails a new file is
created. When <config$HAVE_SYMLINK> == DO, and the ``-m'' flag is
used, then the file will be copied to the destination, and the input
file will be replaced with a symbolic link pointing to the new file.
When <config$HAVE_SYMLINK> is not DO, The ``-m'' flag is ignored.
-r By default, archive sets its standard error to <config$_PATH_ERRLOG>
(typically /var/log/news/errlog.) To suppress this redirection, use
the ``-r'' flag.
If the input is exhausted, archive will exit with a zero status. If an
I/O error occures, it will try to spool its input, copying it to a file.
If there was no input filename, the standard input will be copied to
/var/news/spool/out.going/archive) and the program will exit. If an
input filename was given, a temporary file named input.bch (if input is
an absolute pathname) or <config$PATH_BATCHDIR>/input.bch (typically
/var/news/spool/out.going/input.bch) (if the filename does not begin with
a slash) is created. Once the input is copied, archive will try to
rename this temporary file to be the name of the input file, and then
A typical newsfeeds(5) entry to archive most source newsgroups is as
:config.data/_PATH_NEWSBIN/archive -f -i \
Written by Rich $alz <email@example.com> for InterNetNews. This is
revision 1.14, dated 1996/10/29.
You can find a summary and links related to this topic
as part of the Mib Software Usenet RKT.